By higher education, we mean any education after High School. Based on 2015 Census report, around 88% of the U.S. population have high school diploma, around 59% have some college or higher degree, 32.5% have Bachelor’s degree or more. 12% of our population have advanced degree (like Master’s or Ph.D.). While the population with a High School diploma is quite large (although a 100% will be the best), higher degree holding population is drastically small.
Is higher education worth the time and money?
Now the question comes, Is higher education worth the time and money? That is, should everyone continue with their studies after high school? It is true that higher education requires money. Student loan is a common source of finance. Most student loans have very low interest rates. Moreover, the first installment can be paid after graduation, upon getting a job. Should one start enjoying life earlier and not worry about student-loans? Oh, Yes. One could start earning right after high school. In extraordinary circumstances, one can earn yearly six figures. Even there are examples of millionaires who did not have higher education. However, exceptions are never good examples. They are what they are, exceptions.
What is the relationship between well-paying jobs and higher education?
Most of the well-paying jobs require completed university education in the shape of a Bachelor’s or a Master’s degree. Most jobs that pay above minimum salary need one to possess a senior high school diploma at the absolute minimum. Nevertheless, in certain areas, experience is valued far greater than education. However, education is critical to get hired in the first place that leads to the experience. Higher education is also necessary for promotion and getting paid more.
The story of John and Jane
Let me describe a hypothetical scenario. John Doe and Jane Doe graduated from the same high school. John decides to go for a job right after the completion of high school and Jane decides to go for a bachelor’s degree in a state university. Both John and Jane were born and raised in El Paso, Texas. They decided to stay in this lovely city.
After High School, John started to work in Home Depot as a Sales Associate. He earns $11.35 per hour, which is quite impressive because others with High School diploma become Cashiers in the same store at $9.82/hour. John’s yearly income, given that he is hard-working and spends 10 hours per day in the store, turns out to be 300x10x$11.35=$34,050. By the way, we are assuming there are 300 working days for John in a year.
Jane’s decision was to go for university studies. She decided to be a Business major at University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP). She applies for a student loan, which covers her tuition well enough plus she can purchase books. Jane is as hard-working as John. She decides to go for a part-time job at Lowe’s. Being a full-time undergraduate student, she cannot manage to work more than 20 hours per week off-campus. Since she is part-time, she was not able to get a Sales Associate position, rather she was hired as a Cashier with an hourly salary of $9.82. If she works three hours per day for 300 days a year, the total income would be 300x3x$9.82=$8,838. She can barely make her living with this income but she works longer hours during summer and during other breaks in the Spring and Fall semesters. Therefore, she survives well during her undergraduate studies.
Jane’s student loan accumulates. It is around $9,000 per year. In-state tuition fee is around $5,600 at UTEP and the rest of the costs involve some fees, books, and supplies. In four years of Jane’s Business studies, her loan accumulates to $36,000. Jane does not have any other loan.
After four years, Jane has a Bachelor’s degree in Business. She needs to pay off $36,000 of her loan. She does not have any saving. John, on the other hand, saved around $10,000 every year totaling an amount of $40,000 in his savings account.
There is an opening at Home Depot for the Assistant Store Manager position. Jane applies for the position and with her business management skills, learnt over the past four years, she impresses the interview board. She becomes the Assistant Store Manager of Home Depot. By the way, the yearly salary of that position is $75,000. Additionally, the job fully covers her health insurance. She also receives retirement benefits from the company. Jane pays her student loan off in a year or so.
After a year, Jane decides to pursue a Master’s degree in Business Management at UTEP. Some courses are online, some courses are in the evening. It is hard to maintain a full-time managerial job and continue Master’s studies, but she went up for the challenge and completed her Master’s in two years. Jane is then promoted to a Store Manager because she is the one who has the degree and she is the one who has the experience. Her yearly salary goes up. It becomes $90,000. By the way, her Master’s education was not free. She paid around $15,000 as the tuition and to cover other relevant expenses. The only difference is that this time she did not need a student loan.
By the way, John is still in the same Home Depot where his hourly salary increased to $14 totaling 300x10x$14.00=$42,000 per year. The job does not include health or retirement benefits. Last six to eight years have been great. John now wonders occasionally, what if he pursued bachelor’s degree just like Jane of high school, who is by the way The Boss now. It has been too long since high school. Is it too late to have a new beginning? Am I too old to go back to school? Is a degree worth it? John keeps wondering … maybe, Jane does not earn much more than John. Maybe, Jane earns only a few thousand dollars more than John. Maybe Jane just wasted her time and money to get those degrees. May be, she is still the fool she was in high school.
Settle in El Paso team